Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT)
What is CBT?
Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is a well-established, highly researched psychological therapy which is designed to address a specific problem. CBT is based on the theory that thoughts, feelings, behaviours and how our body feels are all connected. If we change one of these we can alter the others.
CBT is an active therapy that involves talking about how you think about yourself, the world and other people and how what you do affects your thoughts and feelings, and how you respond. For example, when we feel worried or distressed, we can fall into patterns of thinking and responding which can worsen how we feel. CBT works to help us identify and change unhelpful thinking styles, underlying beliefs or behaviour patterns which lead to emotional distress.
This type of therapy tends to focus on the present and helps the client in the ‘here and now’ to learn ways to manage and overcome their specific difficulties. The emphasis is on the client learning different strategies so that they are later able to apply them without the help of the therapist.